Coral Reefs: Eastern Tropical Pacific

Importance, status and outlook for coral reefs in the Eastern Tropical Pacific region

The Eastern Tropical Pacific (ETP) comprises the ocean basin extending from the Gulf of California in México to Peru and includes areas of the continental shelf and offshore islands (Coco Island, the Galápagos Islands, the Revillagigedo Archipelago and Clipperton Atoll). Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia and Ecuador have coral reefs. The region is bounded by subtropical gyres of the North and South Pacific and the equatorial current system of the Eastern Pacific, which results in limited connectivity with the Western Pacific.