Conflict and Protest Events

Conflict and protest events in select Asian and African states

  • Source: ACLED


The Conflict and Protest Events dataset displays the dates, actors, types of violence, locations, and fatalities of all reported political violence and protest events across Africa, South and Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and Europe. Political violence and protest includes events that occur in the context of civil wars and periods of instability, public protest, and regime breakdown. This data can be used for immediate and long-term analysis and mapping of political violence and protest across developing countries through the use of historical data, as well as to inform humanitarian and development work in crisis- and conflict-affected contexts through real-time data updates and reports.

This data is produced by the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED). The project covers all African countries from 1997 to the present, and select countries in the Middle East, Asia, and Europe from 2010 or 2018.


ACLED data was coded by a range of experienced researchers, who collected information primarily from secondary source information and applied the guidelines outlined in the codebook to extract information from news reports. ACLED data was collected each week after individual researchers had scrutinized the information from reports; it was then aggregated and revised by the first coding reviewer and investigated and cross-checked by the second reviewer. The third and final reviewer inspected event notes and details. For full documentation, please read the source methodology.

Data shown on Resource Watch Map

Coordinates provided in the source data were used to map this data for display on Resource Watch.


Excerpts of this description page were taken from the source metadata. Resource Watch shows only a subset of the dataset. For access to the full dataset and additional information, click on the “Learn more” button.

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Formal name

Armed Conflict Location & Event Data


ACLED data remains subject to some limitations, and this is particularly true of fatality data. While the "hard facts" of data, such as the date, location, and actors, have been shown to be largely consistent with those of private, closed security sources, fatality data is particularly vulnerable to bias and inaccurate reporting. If there are conflicting reports of the number of fatalities, ACLED researchers will note the varying reported figures in the Notes column and use the figure cited by the most authoritative source. In the absence of a definitive authoritative source, ACLED will assign the most conservative estimate cited to the Fatalities column. Users are urged to remember that fatality figures reflect reported levels of deaths and have not been independently verified by team researchers.

Suggested citation

Raleigh, Clionadh, Andrew Linke, Håvard Hegre, and Joakim Karlsen. 2010. "Introducing ACLED-Armed Conflict Location and Event Data." Journal of Peace Research 47 (5): 651-660. Retrieved from Accessed through Resource Watch, (date).


Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED)

Geographic coverage

Africa, South and South East Asia, Middle East

Date of content


Frequency of updates


Published language



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