Urban Population Living in Slums

Percentage of the urban population living in slum households for 97 countries

  • Source: UN-Habitat/World Bank Group

Overview

The Urban Population Living in Slums is a global dataset that shows the percentage of a country's urban population living in slum households. A slum household is defined as a group of individuals living under the same roof lacking one or more of the following facilities: improved water, improved sanitation, sufficient living area, durable housing, and security of tenure. The dataset includes information on 97 countries utilizing the most recent survey and census data available, which ranges between 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2014 depending on the country. The dataset is presented at a national resolution.

This dataset was created as part of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and was compiled by The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT). The overall goal of MDG is to fight poverty in its many dimensions. This dataset was created to be used as an indicator for MDG Target 7D. Target 7D’s goal is by 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers.

Methodology

The Urban Population Living in Slums dataset was created by using a proxy measurement based on access to some basic facilities. A household was determined to be living in a slum if atleast one of the following services were unavailable to them:

  • Access to improved drinking water sources that are protected from outside contamination and in particular from contamination with fecal matter.
  • Access to improved sanitation services that hygienically separates human waste from human contact.
  • Durable house that can protect its residents from extremes of climatic conditions, such as rain, heat, cold and humidity.
  • Sufficient living area so that more than three people don't have to share the same room that is a minimum of four square meters in area.
  • Secure tenure which ensures all individuals and groups have effective protection by the State against forced unlawful evictions.

This data was collected by combining information from a variety of household surveys. Household surveys used varied by region and country, but included Urban Inequities Surveys (UIS), Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), Demographic Health Surveys (DHS), World Health Surveys (WHS), Living Standards and Measurement Surveys (LSMS), Core Welfare Indicator Questionnaires (CWIQ), and the Pan Arab Project for Family Health Surveys (PAPFAM).

The number of people living in urban households that were determined to be lacking one or more basic service was divided by the total urban population, and then multiplied by 100 to create the final value. National Statistics Offices typically carried out household surveys every 3-5 years and population censuses every 10 years. For the full documentation, please see the source methodology.

Data shown on Resource Watch Map

  • Urban Population Living in Slums (%): Percentage of the urban population living in slum households. The most recent data was used and varies by country from 1990 to 2014. A slum household is defined as a group of individuals living under the same roof lacking one or more of the following conditions: access to improved water, access to improved sanitation, sufficient living area, and durability of housing.

This data has been mapped on Resource Watch by joining it with Natural Earth boundaries.

Disclaimer

Excerpts of this description page were taken from the source metadata. Resource Watch shows only a subset of the dataset. For access to the full dataset and additional information, click on the “Learn more” button.

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Formal name

Population living in slums (% of urban population)

Cautions

The indicator does not cover the spatial dimension of slums. As the indicator cannot take into account how many and to which extent the 4 conditions of deprived housing are fulfilled, it cannot provide information on the severity of slum conditions.

Suggested citation

World Bank Group. 2014. "Population Living in Slums (% of Urban Population)." http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EN.POP.SLUM.UR.ZS. Accessed through Resource Watch, (date). www.resourcewatch.org.

Sources

United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat)
World Bank Group

Geographic coverage

Global

Spatial resolution

National

Date of content

1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2014

Frequency of updates

Varies

Published language

en

Tags

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