Global Material Flows Database

The global reference database for natural resource extraction for all countries and all primary raw materials world-wide

  • Source: UN-IRP

The most comprehensive database on global material extraction currently available, covering nearly 300 different raw materials for the time period of 1970 to 2015, made available in a detail of 13 aggregated material categories. Data from this database are used by academics around the world, integrated into several multi-regional input-output databases such as EXIOBASE and WIOD and regularly featured in reports by international organisations, such as UNEP, OECD and the EEA.

Database on national raw material extraction, provided by the UN Environment International Resource Panel (IRP) and developed as part of a collaborative effort by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia, the research group Sustainable Resource Use of the Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU), Austria, the Institute of Social Ecology Vienna (SEC), Austria, the University of Nagoya, Japan, and University of Sydney’s Integrated Sustainability Analysis (ISA), Australia.

Included in Resource Watch are data reflecting the Domestic Extraction (DE) and Domestic Material Consumption (DMC) of global countries. Domestic Extraction measures the total amount of raw materials extracted (e.g. mined, harvested, drilled) within a country, measured in mass units; and Domestic Material Consumption measures the sum of Domestic Extraction and direct imports of raw materials minus the direct exports. DMC measures the total amount of material directly used in an economy.

The included data on indicators Raw Material Consumption, Raw Material Consumption per capita, Raw Material Inputs, Raw Material Equivalents of imports, Raw Material Equivalents of exports are not part of the official dataset, but additionally provided from own calculations by WU Vienna.

Customize Visualization

Formal name

UN Environment International Resource Panel Global Material Flows Database


Data on metal ore extraction: As primary sources mainly report the majority of the different metal types in metal content contained in the extracted ore, factors are applied to calculate the corresponding extraction of gross ore (run of mine). Most of these factors are national, regional or global averages and not time-specific, wherefore in some cases incosistencies with reported gross ore values might exist.

Furthermore all data on grazing of livestock and fodder production as well as parts of the data on extraction of minerals for construction purposes are estimated.

More information on these issues can be found in the technical report:

Suggested citation

UN Environment, 2018. Global Material Flows Database. Accessed through Resource Watch, (date).


United Nations Environment - International Resource Panel

Geographic coverage


Spatial resolution


Date of content


Frequency of updates


Published language



Similar datasets